The name of the vineyard, “La Ghibellina”, derives from the surname of the family.
Originally the “Ghibellines” were members of a political party which was formed in Germany in the XIIth Century to support the Swabian house of Hohenstaufen, lords of the castle of Waiblingen, originally Wibeling (from which the word Ghibelline comes), in the struggle for the crown of the Holy Roman Empire. Their adversaries were the "Guelphs", who took sides with the house of Bavaria and Saxony of the Welfen (from which the word Guelph comes) who also had the support of the Pope. After the election of Frederick the 1st Hohenstaufen, known as “Barbarossa”, to the imperial throne, and following his descents into Italy (the emperor also stayed for a period in the fortress of Gavi), the two parties also conflicted in various Italian cities, often fighting in what were practically civil wars.
In Florence the conflict was particularly bitter, and after a series of shifts of power the Guelphs prevailed and the Ghibellines were chased out in 1267. The greatest of Italian poems bears witness to these events: Dante has left a masterly representation in the Xth Canto of his Inferno, in which he recalls these Florentine events in a dialogue with the soul of Farinata degli Uberti, one of the principle representatives of the Ghibelline cause. In addition, Ugo Foscolo in his Sepolcri referred to Dante himself as an “escaped Ghibelline” due to the fact that the Florentine poet, who was exiled, had been a member of the “White Guelph” faction which, in opposing the “Black Guelphs”, had taken up the positions that had been those of the Ghibellines in favour of the Emperor.
Returning to historical events, after their expulsion from Florence in 1267, a group of families of the Ghibelline party set up initially at Mugello. Then, after Mugello fell to the Florentine Republic in the hands of the Guelphs, they migrated to Pavullo, in the Modenese Appenines. There the local population began to call the escaped Florentines, who mostly dedicated themselves to arms and agriculture, “the Ghibellines”, originating the surname. Today in Italy and abroad there are about 400 people with this name. The name “La Ghibellina” is also dedicated to them.
Also the symbol of the vineyard, which can be found at the centre of the label, derives from this background. In fact it is the stylized reproduction of the swallow tail castellations which characterized the fortresses and castles of the Ghibelline party. Instead, the Guelph symbol was a flat-topped castellation. To this day the more observant visitor may identify in these symbols the vestiges of our past.